The Nonverbal Pain Scale (NVPS) quantifies pain in patients unable to speak ( e.g., due to intubation, dementia, etc.).
Keywords: pain assessment, non-communicative or nonverbal patients, palliative a pain assessment tool for non-communicative adult palliative care patients.
sedated, nonresponsive adult patients receiving mechanical ventilation. A review of the literature was conducted and the Adult Nonverbal Pain Scale. (NVPS).
One-half of older adults 85 years and older are afflicted with Alzheimer's disease .. existing tools for pain assessment in nonverbal older adults with dementia to provide persistent pain in long term care residents: what role for pain maps?.
requirement for pain assessment of all patients and the difficulty in find- ing valid and reliable nonverbal pain scales appropriate for adults who have cognitive.